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I．Complete the following statements with proper words or expressions according to the textbook. (10 points)
1. The distinction between free forms and bound forms was first made by ____________, American linguist.
2. A language learner’s vocabulary can be divided into ____________ vocabulary and active vocabulary.
3. Most of the native words in British English are of ____________ origin.
4. The _____ Conquest in 1066 introduced a large number of French words into the English vocabulary.
5. There are two types of collocations in English: ____________ collocation and grammatical collocation.
6. American English derives from ____________ English in the seventeenth century.
7. According to Martin Joos, there are five styles: frozen, formal, ____________, casual and intimate.
8. ____________ features refer to a set of abstracted characteristics necessary to distinguish the category which the word names from all other categories, such as [Human], [Male], etc.
9. ____________ is a figure of speech containing an implied comparison, in which a word or phrase ordinarily used of one thing is applied to another.
10. ____________ refers to a variety of language defined according to its use in social situations.
II. Judge whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). (15 points)
11. In the word “nicely”, “ly” is a grammatical morpheme, while “nice” is a content morpheme.
12. In the group of words “conceive, deceive, perceive, receive, conceive”, “ceive” is a root, but not a free morpheme. This example shows us that there is a difference between root and free morpheme.
13. The word “book” is a transparent word because it is composed of only one morpheme and cannot be analyzed into parts.
14. The word “Chinglish” is created by means of affixation.
15. The suffix “-ism” can always be translated into “主义”in Chinese.
16. The word “SARS” is an acronym because it is formed from the initial letters of severe acute respiratory syndrome and pronounced as letters.
17. In terms of motivation, the word “scream” is an example of secondary onomatopoeia.
18. The primary meaning of a word is always its central meaning.
19. From the point of view of style, oral English is always informal.
20. All of the idioms composed of noun + and + noun are nominal in nature.
21. From the very outset, the term “American English” was used to refer to language spoken by Americans.
22. In the history, the development of American English was plain sailing.
23. All of the idioms belong to colloquial English, so they cannot be used on formal occasions.
24. According to modern lexicology, the smallest significant element of speech is word.
25. The phrase “take off” in the sentence “He took off the Prime Minister to perfection” is free phrase.
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