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内部资料:中考英语词汇详解(R)
作者:HMCD    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2009-1-4    
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内部资料:中考英语词汇详解(R)

 

rabbit n. 1.[C]兔,兔子:What a big rabbit! 多大的一只兔子呀! 2.[U]兔肉:Have another piece of rabbit. 再吃一块兔肉。

race n.[C,U]种族,民族:They are of many different colors and races. 他们有不同肤色,属不同种族。

race v. 1.(…)赛跑,比赛:I'll race you home. 我要与你赛跑回家。n.[C]赛跑,竞赛:I had a race with him. 我曾和他赛过跑。/ The race had begun. 比赛开始了。/ Who will win the 200-meter race? 二百米赛跑谁会赢?

【用法】主要用于速度方面的比赛,如赛跑、赛马、划船比赛等。

racket n.[C]球拍:tennis racket网球拍 / badminton racket羽毛球拍

【用法】主要指网球、羽毛球等的球拍。比较:乒乓球的球拍为paddle

radio n. 1.[C]收音机:He has two radios. 他有两部收音机。2.[U]无线电(广播)She listens to the news on the radio each morning. 她每天早上听新闻广播。/ He sent a message by radio. 他拍发了无线电报。/ The police are talking to each other by radio. 警察在通过无线电谈话。

rail n.[C,U]铁轨,铁路:Trains run on two rails.火车在两条钢轨上奔驰。/ We like traveling by rail. 我们喜欢乘火车旅行。

【考点】by rail(乘火车)这一短语中,rail不带冠词,也不用复数

railway n.[C]铁路,铁道:build a new railway 建新铁路 / an underground railway 地铁 / We went to the railway station to catch a train. 我们到火车站去赶火车。/ He's working on the railway. 他在铁路上工作。/ We walked along the railway. 我们沿着铁路散步。/ He likes traveling by railway. 他喜欢乘火车旅行。

【考点】by railway(乘火车)这一短语中,railway不带冠词,也不用复数

rain n. 1.[U]雨,雨水:The rain has stopped. 雨停了。/ The crops need rain. 庄稼需要雨水。/ We have had too much rain this summer. 今年夏天雨水太多了。vi.下雨:It rained all day long. 下了一整天的雨。/ We will go out when it stop rain. 雨停了我们便出去。/ It began to rain heavily. 开始下大雨了。/ It was a cold winter night and was raining hard. 那是个寒冬的夜晚,雨下得很大。

【考点】1.用作名词通常不可数,但表示某种具体状态下的雨,可用不定冠词(此时通常有定语修饰)There was a heavy rain last night. 昨晚下了场大雨。2.有时用复数,表示大阵雨雨季The river rises after heavy rains. 河水在暴雨后上涨。

raincoat n.[C]雨衣 I wear my raincoat when it rains.下雨时我穿雨衣。/ You must take your raincoat. 你必须穿雨衣。

rainy adj.下雨的,多雨的:In my country spring is the rainy season. 我故乡的春天是雨季。/ I don't like rainy days. 我不喜欢雨天。/ It's a very rainy place. 这是个多雨的地方。

raise vt. 1.举起,抬起,拿起:Please raise your hand. 请举手。/ This weight is too heavy; I can't raise it. 这东西太重,我举不起来。2.增加,提高:He raised his voice.他提高了嗓音。/ He raised the price of the sugar. 他提高了糖价。3.饲养,种植:The farmers raise wheat. 农民们种小麦。

【辨析】raiserise:前者为及物动词,后者为不及物动词。比较:He raised his voice. 他提高了嗓音。/ I can't raise the box. 我举不起这个箱子。/ The sun rises in the east. 太阳从东方升起。/ The river is rising after the rain. 下雨之后河水上涨了。

rapid adj.快的,迅速的:a rapid train 快车 / a rapid worker 快手 / rapid reading 快速阅读 / She made rapid progress and was soon the best in the class. 她进步很快,不久就成为班上成绩最好的学生。

rather adv. 相当,有点儿:It's rather difficult. 它相当难。/ Peter is rather stupid. 彼得相当愚蠢。/ He is rather careless. 他相当粗心。/ It's a rather sad story. 这是一个相当凄惨的故事。/ I was rather angry at what he said. 我对他说的话相当生气。/ He died after a rather short illness. 他病了不久就死了。

【短语】1. would rather 宁愿:We'd rather stay at home. 我们宁愿呆在家里。/ I would rather not tell him. 我宁愿不告诉他。2. would rather...than... 宁愿()…而不愿()…I'd rather walk than take a bus. 我宁愿走路而不愿乘公共汽车。3. rather than 而不,与其不如He ran rather than walked. 他不是在走而是在跑。/ He is a writer rather than a teacher. 与其说他是教师还不如说他是作家。

【考点】1.可修饰形容词或副词的原级,也可修饰其比较级She is rather better today. 她今天好多了。2.可修饰副词too()It's rather too big. 它太大了。3.以下两句词序不同,含义相同:It's rather a good idea.=It's a rather good idea. 这可真是个好主意。

 

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