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内部资料:中考英语词汇详解(R)
作者:HMCD    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2009-1-4    
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rough adj.1.粗糙的,不平的:The cloth feels rough. 这布摸起来很粗糙。/ His hands are rough with hard work. 他干粗活,手很粗。2.粗野的,粗暴的:Play nicely and don't be rough. 好好玩, 不要撒野。/ Boxing is a rough sport. 拳击是一项粗野的体育活动。3.狂暴的,汹涌的:A rough wind was blowing. 大风刮起来了。4.粗略的,大概的:At a rough guess I'd say he was about 45. 粗略地猜,我想他大约45岁吧。

round prep. 1. 环绕,围绕:The moon moves round the earth. 月亮绕着地球转。/ The children stood round the teacher. 孩子们围着老师站着。2. 绕过,转过:He followed me round the corner. 他跟着我拐弯。/ There’s a post-box just round the corner. 邮筒就在拐角那边。3. 四处,在的附近:Do you live round here? 你就住在这附近吗?4. 大约,大概:I’ll be back round May Day. 我将在五一节前后回来。/ He arrived round five o’clock. 他大约五点钟到。adv. 1.到处:Let's go into the hall and have a look round. 让我们进大厅转一转。2.转过来:Don’t look round. 别回头看。/ Turn the picture round. 将这幅画转过来。3.环绕地,围绕地:The hands of a clock move round. 时钟的指针绕着圈走。/ The planes are flying round and round. 飞机飞来飞去。adj.圆形的:Balls are round. 球是圆形的。/ The table was round. 桌子是圆的。/ The girl has a round face. 这个女孩的脸是圆的。

round-trip adj.来回的,往返的:He bought a round-trip ticket. 他买了一张往返票。

rubber n. 1.[U]橡胶,合成橡胶:It is made of rubber. 它是橡胶做的。2.[C]橡皮擦:Is this your rubber? 这是你的橡皮擦吗?

rubbish n.[U]垃圾,废物:I put the rubbish in plastic bag and threw it away. 我把垃圾装在塑料袋里扔了。/ Pick up the rubbish and burn it. 把垃圾捡起来烧了。/ Don't talk rubbish. 别胡说八道。

rude adj.无理的,粗鲁的:Don't be rude to your teacher. 不要对老师无礼。/ It's rude of him to say that. 他那样说是无礼的。/ It’s rude to interrupt when people are speaking. 打断人家的话是不礼貌的。/ He made a rude reply. 他的回答很不礼貌。

【考点】It's rude of you to do sth这一结构中的介词of不能换成for

rule n. 1.[C]规则,规定:You must obey the rules. 你必须服从规定。/ Do you know the rules of chess. 你知道下国际象棋的规则吗?/ Students must obey the rules of the school. 学生必须遵守校规。2.[C]习惯,惯例:He makes it a rule to get up early. 他有早起的习惯。v.统治:Who rules this country? 谁统治这个国家? / He was always ruled by money. 他总是受制于金钱。

【短语】as a rule通常:As a rule young people like beer. 一般说来,年轻人喜欢喝啤酒。/ As a rule he went home twice a week. 他通常每周回家两次。

run vi. 1.跑,奔跑:He runs fast. 他跑得快。/ I had to run to catch the bus. 我得快跑去赶公共汽车。/ We all ran to his aid. 我们赶去帮助他。2.(车船等)行驶,(溪河等)流动,(机器等)运转,(钟表等)走动:Buses run every 5 minutes. 公共汽车每5分钟一班。/ The river runs through the city. 这条河流过这座城市。/ This machine runs well. 这机器运转良好。/ Does your watch run well? 你的表准吗?

【说明】running water自来水,不能直译为在跑的水

runner n.[C]赛跑者:He is a long-distance runner. 他是长跑运动员。

running n.[C]跑步:running shoes跑鞋 / I go running every morning. 我每天早上都去跑步。

rush vi. 冲,奔跑:She rushed into the room. 她冲进房间。/ The children rushed out of school. 孩子们冲出学校。

Russia n. 俄罗斯,俄国

Russian adj. 俄国人的,俄语的:the Russian language 俄语n.1.[C]俄国人 2.[U]俄语:When did you begin to learn Russian? 你什么时候开始学俄语的?

 

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