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内部资料:中考英语词汇详解(L)
作者:HMCD    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2009-3-15    
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内部资料:中考英语词汇详解(L)

 

lab n.[C]实验室:a language lab 语言实验室 / a chemistry lab 化学实验室 / I hope to have a little lab of my own. 我希望有一间属于我自己的实验室。

lady n. 1.[C]女士,夫人:Ladies and gentlemen. 女士们,先生们。/ Please come in, ladies. 女士们,请进。2.女性:a lady doctor 女医生 / ladies room 女公共厕所

lake n.[C]湖,湖泊:There is land all around the lake. 湖的周围全是陆地。/ He lives in a small town on the lake. 他住在一个湖畔小镇上。/ He had a walk by the lake. 他在湖边散步。/ Let's have a row on the lake. 我们去湖上划船吧。

【考点】中国的湖名在英译时,其前通常加定冠词the West Lake 西湖 / the Dongting Lake 洞庭湖。

land n. 1.[U]陆地:I came here by land. 我是经陆路来的。2.[U]土地,田地:The land is very dry. 土地很旱。/ They work on the land. 他们是种田的。v. (使)上岸,(使)着陆:They landed at London from the ship. 他们在伦敦离船上岸。/ The ship landed the goods at Dover. 船在多佛卸货。

language n. 1.[C,U]语言:He can speak many foreign languages. 他会说多种外语。/ Latin is a dead language. 拉丁语是一种已废的语言。/ Do you know medical language? 你懂医学语言吗?

【考点】表示说语言通常用动词speakHe speaks several languages. 他说好几种语言。

lap n. 1.[C](人坐时)膝部:She was sitting on her mother's lap. 她坐在母亲的膝上。/ Come and sit on my lap. 过来坐在我的腿上。2.[C](跑道的)一圈:She began to pass the other runners on the last lap. 她在最后一圈开始超过其他赛跑者。

large a. 大的,容量大的:Canada is much larger than Britain. 加拿大比英国大得多。/ A large family needs a large house. 大家庭需要大的房子。/ It's the largest school in the city. 这是这座城市最大的学校。

last a. 1.最后的:December is the last month of the year. 十二月是一年的最后一个月份。2.(表示时间)上一个,刚过去的:He came last week. 他是上星期来的。/ I think her last book was one of her best. 我认为她最近出版的那本书是她的最佳著作之一。ad. 1.最后:Who came in last? 谁最后进来的?/ He spoke last at the meeting. 他在会上最后发言。2.上一次,最近一次:When did you last see him? 你最近一次是什么时候见到他的?/ I saw Tom last night.我昨晚看到汤姆。n.(单数)最后一个:He was the last to arrive. 他是最后一个到达的。

last vi. 延续,持续,维持:The hot weather lasted until September. 炎热的天气一直持续到九月。/ The war lasted (for) five years. 战争持续了五年。

late a. 1.迟的,晚的:The train was 10 minutes late. 火车晚点10分钟。/ He was late for dinner. 他晚饭回来迟了。2. (一段时间)靠后一点的,晚一些的:It was late at night. 夜深了。 / She is in her late thirties. 她已近四十岁了。ad. 1.迟,晚:He got up very late this morning. 他今天早晨起得很晚。/ Better late than never. 晚做总比不做好。

【短语】be late for 迟到:He's never late for work. 他上班从不迟到。/ Don't be late for class again. 上课别再迟到了。

later ad. 1.后,过了He arrived in London on Monday, two days later he left for New York. 他星期一到了伦敦,两天后他出发去纽约。2.后来,以后:I'll see you later. 过后再见。/ He's not in. Please call back later. 他不在家,请过一会儿再打来。

【短语】later on 后来,以后:I'll call again later on. 我以后再打电话来。/ Later on he realized his mistake. 后来他意识到了自己的错误。

laugh vi. 1.笑,大笑:Don't laugh. 不要笑。/ She couldn't help laughing. 她禁不住笑了起来。/ The jokes made everybody laugh. 那些笑话逗得人发笑。n.[C]笑,笑声:When he heard this, he let out a loud laugh. 他听到这事时大笑起来。/ We had a good laugh at his joke. 我们被他的笑话逗得哈哈大笑。/ We had some good laughs on the way. 我们在路上好好笑了一阵子。

【短语】laugh at 嘲笑:People laughed at him. 人们都嘲笑他。/ He was laughed at by his friends. 他被朋友们嘲笑了。

lay v. 1.放,搁,摆:Lay your coat on the bed. 把你的外衣放在床上。/ Where shall I lay the box? 我把这盒子放在哪儿呢? 2.()These hens are laying well. 这些母鸡产蛋很多。/ How many eggs does this hen lay each week? 这只母鸡每星期下多少只蛋? 3.使处于某种状态:The rice crop was laid flat by the storm. 稻子被暴风雨刮倒了。

 【考点】不要将它与lie (躺,位于)的过去式(lay)相混淆:He laid his book on the chair. 他把书放在椅子上。/ He lay on the floor asleep. 他躺在地板上睡着了。

 

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