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内部资料:高考英语词汇详解(04)
作者:HMCD    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2012-6-3    
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内部资料:考英语词汇详解(04)

 

ash[AF] n. 1.[U]灰末:cigarette ash 烟灰 2.(复数)骨灰:Her ashes were scattered over the sea. 她的骨灰撒在海上。

【说明】ash 表示“灰”、“灰烬”本来是不可数名词但有趣的是它却通常可以用复数形式代替单数形式且意思不变:Drop your cigarette ash [ashes] into the ashtray. 把烟灰弹在烟灰缸里。

ashamed[E5Feimd] adj. 惭愧的难为情的:You should be ashamed of your behavior. 你应该为你的行为感到羞愧。 / Don’t be ashamed of making mistakes. 别为犯错误而难为情。/ I am quite ashamed to have to trouble you. 真不好意思我得要麻烦你。

【说明】be ashamed of sth =对某事感到难为情be ashamed to do sth =不好意思()…的。若不定式用完成式则表示对已做过的事感到难为情:He was ashamed of having lied. / He was ashamed to have lied. 他因说谎而感到羞愧。

Asia[5eiFE] n. 亚洲:South East Asia 东南亚

Asian[5eiFEn] adj.亚洲的亚洲人的 n.[C]亚洲人

aside[E5said] adv. 在旁边向一边:He stepped aside to let them pass. 他往旁边站好让他们过去。■aside from 除…以外:Aside from being fun and good exercise, swimming is a very useful skill. 除了是乐趣和有益的锻炼外游泳还是一种很有用的技能。

【说明】aside from为美国英语在英国英语中用apart from代之。

ask[B:sk] v.1.询问:She asked who would like to go. 她问谁愿意去。/ You must ask if you don’t know. 你不懂就得问。2.请求要求:Ask him to come early. 请他早点来。/ If you need any help, just ask. 你若需要帮忙尽管说。3.邀请约请:I asked her to dinner. 我请她吃饭。■1. ask about 询问:She asked about his health. 她询问他的健康状况。/ Can I ask about the exam results? 我可以问问考试结果吗? 2. ask for 要求请求:He was asking for the manager. 他要找经理。

asleep[E5sli:p] adj.睡着的:He was asleep with his head on his arms. 他头枕着手臂睡着了。

【说明】1.是表语形容词通常不能单独放在名词前作定语不说 an asleep child可改说a sleeping child2.汉语的“睡得很熟”英语习惯上用 fast [sound] asleep而不说 very (much, very much) asleep

aspect[5Aspekt] n 1.[C]方面:We should consider a problem in all aspects. 我们应该全面地考虑一个问题。2.[C](建筑物的)方面方位:The house has a southern aspect. 这房子朝南。3.[C,U]外观外貌容貌His face had an angry aspect. 他面带怒容。

assess[E5ses] vt.估定评定His annual income was assessed at ten thousand dollars. 他的年收入估定为1万美元。/ He can quickly assess a persons character. 他可以很快地对一个人的性格作出评价。

assessment[E5sesmEnt] n.[C,U]评定估定意见看法:What is your assessment of the situation? 你对时局的看法如何?

assist[E5sist] vt.帮助援助She assisted him in correcting the proof. 她帮助他做改校样的工作。/ I assisted my son with his homework. 我帮助儿子做作业。

辨析help assist1.前者为常用词指以积极态度给予帮助;后者为正式用语多指在提供帮助时帮助者起次要或起协助作用:Please help me arrange these papers. 请帮我整理这些文件。/ She assisted him in his experiments. 她协助他做实验。2.help (sb) to do sthhelp sb in doing sth 都可用但以前一结构为普通且前一结构中的to通常可以省略I helped him (to) repair [in repairing] his bike. 我帮他修自行车。3. assist (sb) to do sth assist sb in doing sth 都可用但以后一结构为普通且前一结构中的to不可以省略He assisted his father to wash [in washing] the car. 他帮助他父亲洗车子。

assistance[E5sistEns] n.[U]援助帮助come to sb’s assistance 援助某人 / give assistance (to) 给以援助 / The plan was carried out with the assistance of foreign experts. 该计划是在外国专家的帮助下进行的。

assistant[E5sistEnt] n.[C]助手助理助教:Who is going to be his assistant? 谁将当他的助手/ Mary is working as my assistant. 玛丽在给我当助手。adj.助理的辅助的:assistant engineer 助理工程师

 

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