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内部资料:高考英语词汇详解(06)
作者:HMCD    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2012-6-3    
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内部资料:考英语词汇详解(06)

 

break2[breik] v.1.打破折断打碎:The stone broke the window. 石头打坏了窗户。2.弄坏损坏:I broke my watch when I fell over. 我跌倒时摔坏了手表。3.违背违犯:Don’t break the rules. 别犯规。4.(纪录)超过:He broke the world record. 他打破了世界记录。5.中断:Let’s break for a meal. 让我们休息一下去吃饭吧。1. break away (from) 突然逃掉断绝往来脱离改掉(旧习惯)破除(旧作法)The thief broke away from the policeman. 小偷从警察那逃脱了。/ You must break away from such habits. 你必须改掉那些习惯。2. break down (机器、车辆等)坏了(计划、谈判等)失败(谈话、通讯等)中断:The car broke down after an hour’s driving. 车子开了一个小时就坏了。/ She broke down as she was singing. 她没唱完就突然停住了。3. break in 突然进来强行进入插嘴:He broke in and stole my money. 他闯进来偷了我的钱。/ The secretary broke into say that a telegram had just arrived. 秘书插话说刚收到一个电报。4. break into 强行进入突然…起来打断插嘴:The thieves planned to break in to a bank. 这些小偷计划闯银行。/ Hearing the news, she broke into tears. 听到这个消息她就哭了起来。5. break out (火灾、战争等)突然发生、爆发:The 2nd World War broke out in September, 1939. 第二次世界大战爆发于19399月。/ Influenza usually breaks out in winter. 流感通常发生在冬季。

breakfast[5brekfEst] n.[C, U]早餐:He drinks tea at breakfast. 他在早餐时喝茶。/ Breakfast is on from 8 to l0. 八点至十点之间开早饭。/ What shall we have for breakfast? 我们早饭吃什么?

考点1.泛指一般意义的“早餐”时其前不用冠词We usually have breakfast at 7 o’clock. 我们通常七点钟吃早餐。2.若特指某一顿“早餐”则可在其前加定冠词或其他限定词(this, that)Thank you for the breakfast. 谢谢你的这顿早餐。/ After that breakfast, I never saw her again. 吃了那顿早餐后我就再没有看到过她。3.若受到形容词的修饰其前一般要用不定冠词After a quick breakfast, he hurried to the station. 匆匆忙忙吃完早餐他就赶到车站去了。

breast[brest] n.1.[C]乳房:breast cancer 乳腺癌 / She gave the breast to her baby. 她给婴儿吃奶。2.[C]胸部

breath[breW] n.[C,U]气息呼吸:The patient’s breath grew stronger. 病人的呼吸强些了。/ I’ll love you as long as I have breath. 我终身爱你。1. get one’s breath back 喘过气来:Let me get my breath back. 让我喘口气。2. hold one’s breath 屏住气:How long can you hold your breath? 你能屏住气多久3. out of breath 上气不接下气:I was out of breath after running for the bus. 我因为追赶公共汽车弄得上气不接下气。

breathe[bri:T] v.呼吸:A plant breathes through its leaves. 植物通过叶子呼吸。/ I went out to breathe the fresh air. 我走出户外呼吸新鲜空气。

breathless[5breWlis] adj.1.气喘吁吁的透不过气来的He was breathless from running. 他跑得上气不接下气的。2.(紧张得)屏住气息的:breathless listeners of the mystery story 屏息静听神秘故事的听众

brewery[5bruEri] n. [C]啤酒厂

brick[brik] n.[C’U]砖块:The bread was as hard as a brick. 这面包硬得像块砖。/ The house is made of red bricks. 这房子是用红砖造的。

bride[braid] n.[C]新娘:She became a bride at age 24. 她在24岁时成为新娘。

bridegroom[5braidgru:m] n.[C]新郎:The bridegroom arrived before the bride. 新郎比新娘先到。

bridge[bridV] n.[C]桥:They built a bridge over [across] the river. 他们在河上架了一座桥。/ crossed a bridge 过桥 / Don’t cross the bridge until you come to it. ()不要杞人忧天。/ You’ll find English a bridge to so much knowledge. 你会发现英语是通向如此丰富知识的桥梁。

 

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