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内部资料:中考英语词汇详解(G)
作者:HMCD  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2009-05-02  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin

 

内部资料:中考英语词汇详解(G)

 

game n. 1.[C]游戏,运动:Let’s play a game of cards. 我们打牌吧。/ Football is a team game. 足球是一项集体运动。2.[C]比赛,比赛得分:a game of tennis 网球赛 / They lost their game. 他们比赛输了。/ The game is 7 to 6. 比赛成绩是763.运动会,体育活动:the Olympic Games 奥林匹克运动会 / Mary never played games at school. 玛丽在学校从不参加体育活动。

【用法】表示运动会,主要指大型的、国际性的运动会,且通常用复数形式;用作主语时,谓语通常用复数(有时也用单数)The 1984 (Olympic) Games were[was] held in Los Angeles. 1984年奥运会在(美国)洛杉矶。

garden n.[C]花园,果园,菜园:We’ve only a small garden. 我们的花园很小。/ Let’s have lunch in the garden. 咱们在花园吃饭吧。/ He is digging in his garden.他正在菜园里挖地。

【说明】garden的准确意思是指房屋周围种着花或树的院子或供耕作的场所,前者叫 flower-garden(花园),后者叫kitchen-gardenvegetable-garden(菜园)。所以不要认为garden 一定就是表示花园

gardening n.[U]园艺(),从事园艺,栽培花木:Do you know anything about gardening? 你懂园艺吗?/ My mother’s very good at gardening. 我母亲很会种花。

gas n. 1.[U]煤气:Some gas is escaping from the pipe. 煤气管道漏气。/ Do you use electricity or gas for cooking? 你做饭用电还是用煤气? 2.[U]气体,气态:Air is a mixture of gases. 空气是多种气体的混合物。

gate n. 1.[C]大门:The gate closes at 10 p.m. 晚上10点关大门。/ The carriage passed through the palace gates. 马车穿过了宫殿的大门口。

gatekeeper n.[C]守门人:Her father is a gatekeeper. 她父亲是守门的。

gather v.聚集,积累:Gather around, and I’ll tell you a story. 大家都过来,我给你们讲个故事。/ He soon gathered a crowd round him. 他很快就召拢一批群众。/ He gathered his strength for the fight. 他积聚力量准备战斗。

general adj. 一般的,通用的,普遍的:general knowledge 一般知识,常识 / general readers 一般读者 / The general feeling is that it’s wrong. 多数人认为这是错误的。

generosity n.[U,C]慷慨,豁达:What generosity! 多慷慨呀! / He accepted the apology with great generosity. 他宽宏大量地接受了道歉。

【说明】表示抽象意义的慷慨,不可数;表示具体的慷慨的行为,可数。

geography n.1.[U]地理()He's interested in geography. 他对地理感兴趣。/ In our geography class, we are learning about rivers. 我们正在地理课上学习有关河流的知识。

German adj.德国的,德国人的,德语的:German industry 德国工业 / We have a German lesson every Wednesday. 我们每星期三有一堂德语课。n.1.[C]德国人:They are Germans. 他们是德国人。2.[U]德语:He speaks German. 他说德语。

Germany n. 德国:England fought Germany. 英国和德国作战。/ He lived in Germany for six years. 他在德国住了六年。

get vt. 1.得到,收到,获得:I got a lot of presents for my birthday. 我过生日的时候收到好多礼物。/ Where did you get that hat? 你在哪里买到这个帽子?/ He gets $25 000 a year. 他每年收入25 000美元。2.有,拥有:I have got something to do. 我有工作要做。/ I’ve got very little money. 我没有多少钱。3.使得,弄得:I can’t get the car started. 我无法发动车子。/ He got his arm broken. 他的胳臂给弄断了。4.理解,明白:Do you get what I mean? 你明白我的话吗?/ I don’t get the joke. 我听不懂这个笑话。5.(),感染上(疾病)He’s got a cold (fever, headache). 他患感冒(发烧,头痛)vi. 1.成为,变成,变得,达到某种状态:Mum got angry. 妈妈生气了。/ The weather is getting colder. 天气渐冷。2.到达,抵达:The train gets here at one o’clock. 火车一点钟到达这里。

【短语】1. get along 相处,进展:How are you getting along? 你近来怎么样?/ We get on well with our neighbors. 我们跟邻居的关系很好。/ How are you getting along with your English studies?你英语学习情况怎样?2. get back 返回,回家,取回,拿回:When did you get back from Paris? 你是什么时候从巴黎回来的? / He got back the watch he lost. 他丢的表找回来了。3. get down 下来,取下,弄下,写下:The boy climbed up the tree and couldn't get down. 小男孩爬上树,却下不来了。/ He spoke too fast and I couldn't get down all he said. 他说得太快,我无法记下他所说的所有东西。4. get off 起飞,动身,出发,下班,下车:The plane got off on time. 飞机准时起飞。/ We got off immediately after breakfast. 我们吃完早餐就动身了。/ We get off at five. 我们五点下班。/ I'll get off at the next stop. 我在下一站下车。5. get on 上车,进行,进展,相处:The bus came and we got on. 公共汽车来了,我们就上了车。/ How are you getting on (at school)? (在学校)的情况如何? / He is not an easy man to get on with. 他不好相处。6. get out 出来,出去,拿出,取出:The door was locked and we couldn't get out. 门被锁上了,我们无法出去。/ He got out a dictionary and looked up the word in it. 他拿出一本词典来查这个词。7. get over 走过,渡过,克服:How can we get over the river? 我们怎样过河? / She can't get over her shyness. 她克服不了羞怯感。8. get to 到达:When did you get to the station? 你什么时候到达车站的?9. get together 聚会,联欢:When can we get together? 我们什么时候可以聚一聚? 10. get up 起床,起身:I get up at six every morning. 我每天早上六点钟起床。/ The class got up when the teacher came in. 老师进来时,全班学生都站起来。

【辨析】1. reach, arriveget的区别,见arrive2. bring, take, fetch, carry get的区别,见bring

 

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