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15年考研词汇题重点详解(06)
作者:wanzan  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2009-05-11  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin



15年考研词汇题重点详解(06)

 

【典型考题1activate

Researchers discovered that plants infected with neighboring plants. (1999年考研题)

A. contracts        B. activates          C. maintains         D. prescribes

【答案】B。句意为:研究人员发现感染了病毒的植物会向邻近植物释放一种气体可以激活它们的疾病抗体。解析:contract意为收缩maintain意为维持,维护prescribe意为(药方)activate意为使开始起作用

有关activate的典型用法:

The burglar alarm was activated by mistake. 防盗铃误响了。

 

【典型考题2adapt

In spite of the wide range of reading material specially written or _____for language learning purposes, there is yet no comprehensive systematic programmer for the reading skills. (1995年考研题)

A. adapted       B. acknowledged      C. assembled      D. appointed

【答案】A句意为:尽管已经有各种专门为语言学习撰写或改编的阅读材料但是在阅读技巧方面还没有综合系统的课程。adapt意为使适合acknowledge意为承认assemble意为装配appoint后接toforappoint for意为指定,约定appoint to委派

有关adapt的典型用法:

He adapted himself to the cold weather. 他适应了寒冷的天气。

When he moved to Canada, the children adapted to the change very well. 他移居加拿大后孩子们很能适应变化。

Our eyes slowly adapted to the dark. 我们的眼睛慢慢地适应了黑暗的环境。

She adapted (herself) quickly to the new climate. 她很快地适应了这种新的气候。

 


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