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dinner用法详解
作者:JDG  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2010-12-19  文章录入:李晓红  责任编辑:admin


dinner用法详解  

   

1. 表示“正餐”,可指中餐,也可指晚餐。若中餐为 dinner, 则晚餐称为 tea supper;若晚餐为 dinner, 则中餐称为 lunch  

2. 一般为不可数名词,不与冠词连用。如:  

Will you join us for dinner? 你来和我们一起吃饭好吗?  

He ate too much dinner. 他饭吃得太多。  

I haven’t had [eaten] dinner yet. 我还没有吃饭。  

若具体指某一餐饭或受形容词的修饰,则也可用冠词。如:  

The dinner was badly cooked. 这顿饭做得不好。  

I never eat a big dinner. 我的饭量向来不大。  

特指,可受定冠词的修饰。如:(www.yywords.com)

The dinner smells good. 这饭菜闻起来真香。  

有时可用作可数名词,表示“一份饭菜”。如:  

They ordered two hot dinners. 他们点了两份热饭菜。  

3. 一日3餐为:breakfast(早餐),lunch(中餐),supper(晚餐)。其用法与上面 dinner 的用法大致相同。现分述如下:  

(1) 表示一般意义的“早餐”“中餐”“晚餐”时,其前不用冠词。如:  

Breakfast is served until 9 a.m. 早餐一直供应到上午9点。  

Can you manage lunch on Tuesday? 你星期二能来吃午饭吗?  

当与at, after, before, for, over, since, without介词搭配时,原则上不用冠词。如:  

Please make your beds before breakfast. 请在早饭前把床铺好。  

I like to have cornflakes for breakfast. 早餐我喜欢吃玉米片。  

She scanned the newspaper over breakfast. 她吃着早饭把报纸大略看了一遍。  

We’ve come fifty miles since lunch. 我们午饭后走了50英里了。  

I had to go without breakfast this morning as I was in a hurry. 我今早很匆忙,只好不吃早饭了。  

(2) 若是特指某一顿早、中、晚餐,则可在其前加定冠词或甚至其他限定词。如:  

Thank you for the breakfast. 谢谢你的这顿早餐。  

After that breakfast, I never saw her again. 吃了那顿早餐后,我就再没有看到过她。  

(3) 若具体指某一顿饭或受形容词的修饰,则也可用冠词。如:  

He takes a packed lunch to work. 他带包好的午饭上班。  

So we had a very late supper. 所以我们晚饭吃得很晚。  

After a quick breakfast, he hurried to the station. 匆匆忙忙吃完早餐,他就赶到车站去了。  

(4) 若要表示具体的量,可用some, much, little等修饰。如:  

She didn’t eat much breakfast. 她没有吃多少早餐。  

She always eats very little supper. 她晚饭总是吃得很少。  

Take her some breakfast on a tray. 用托盘给她送些早餐。  

有时也可不直接用 much, little 等修饰,而换用其他表达。如:  

She never eats much for breakfast. 她早点从不多吃。  

(5) 有时可用复数形式,强调不同种类或供多人使用。如:  

We serve hot and cold lunches. 我处供应冷热午餐。  

Does this pub provide lunches? 这家酒馆供应午餐吗?

Free school lunches are given to children who qualify. 免费的学校午餐可以提供给有资格的学生。

◆摘自《中学英语高频词详解词典》◆

 

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