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内部资料:高考英语词汇详解(11)
作者:HMCD  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2012-06-03  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin

 

【说明】1.及物动词后接宾语时不要按汉语意思在其后误加介词about2.后接动词作宾语要用动名词不用不定式(除非其前有疑问词)They discussed selling the house. 他们商量过卖房子的事。/ We discussed how to do it. 我们讨论了该如何做此事。3.其后可接whether引导的宾语从句不用if引导的宾语从句:We discussed whether we should close the shop. 我们讨论了是否应该把店关掉。

discussion[di5skQFEn] n. [C,U]讨论辩论:Education is under discussion today. 现在正在讨论教育问题。

disease[di5zi:z] n. [C,U]疾病:Disease is usually caused by germs. 疾病一般是由细菌引起的。/ Some skin diseases are difficult to treat. 有些皮肤病很难治。

disgusting[dis5gQstiN] adj.令人厌恶的令人作呕的What a disgusting smell! 这气味真令人作呕!

dish[diF] n. 1.[C]盘形物:Can I give you a hand with the dishes? 我帮你洗碟子好吗2.[C]一道菜:a cold dish 冷盘

disk[disk] n. [C]磁盘圆盘:a computer dish 软盘

dislike[di5slaik] vt.不喜爱厌恶:I like cats but dislike dogs. 我喜欢猫但不喜欢狗。/ He disliked me [my] working late. 他不喜欢我工作到很晚。n. [C,U]不喜爱:She took a strong dislike to him. 她很讨厌他。

【说明】1.与动词like后可接不定式和动名词不一样dislike后接动词时在现代英语中通常只用动名词不用不定式。2.后接whenif引导的从句时要借用it作形式宾语:I dislike it when you whistle. 我不爱听你吹口哨。

dismiss[dis5mis] vt. 1.让…离开解雇:He was dismissed from the service for his careless behaviors. 他因玩忽职守而被解雇职务。2.遣散解散:The teacher dismissed the class early. 老师下课早。3.消除不理:Dismiss such thoughts from your mind. 要从心理上消除这样的思想。

disobey[7disE5bei] v.不服从违抗:He disobeyed his mother and went to the party. 他不听母亲的话去参加聚会了。/ The son disobeys. 儿子不听话。/ Soldiers must never disobey. 军人绝对不能不服从。

distance[5distEns] n. 1.[C,U]距离:Keep a safe distance between cars! 保持车距! 2.[C,U]远方远处:It cannot be seen from a distance. 从远处看不见它。1. at a (some) distance 隔开一些距离:The picture looks better at a distance. 这幅画远些看更好些。2. from a distance 从远处()Many guests came from a distance. 许多客人从远方来。3. in the distance 在远处()I saw some smoke in the distance. 我看到远处有烟。

 

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